Delaying Your Period Before a Holiday

Beautiful brunette woman on the beach alone relaxing in a hat. Summer. Outdoors. Copy space. Concept

A woman’s period schedule is heavily controlled by hormones which regulate the entire process. Any alteration in the level and secretion of these hormones will definitely change the arrival of period which is why emotions such as stress and exhaustion can alter the cycle as they influence hormone production. However, even falling into massive stress is not a sure way to delay a period which poses the question; why would women delay their period?

Period Suppression

It has become quite common for women to delay their period for holiday or other varied reasons. The basic underlying science is that introducing artificial hormones that mimic the roles of hormones produced in the body ultimately affects the time women will have their period. It is medically referred to as period suppression and involves using certain hormonal supplements or injections to prevent period or simply delay its arrival for given days. Period suppression is unlike contraceptives which usually remove the possibility of pregnancy for the specified duration of time. Rather, delaying periods is something done out of convenience to keep your period off a few more days. So why would women delay their period?

Considering Period Suppression

The reasons for delaying this cycle are quite obvious and straightforward. Many women today do it for holidays and official/social functions. There may be an important event coming up, during which there is no room for anxiety, cramps, pain or any other distress. Delaying the period until after such engagements would be worth considering. When going on holiday, the ultimate goal is to have a wonderful time, which can be difficult if you are expecting your period to arrive anytime. It can change your moods and cause various distresses and pain making it hard to concentrate on fun times and activities. There are several other preferential reasons why any woman would choose to delay the natural process.

How It Works

The artificial hormones come in the form of period delay tablets which contain norethisterone which is a form of the female hormone progesterone. It is usually associated with strengthening the uterine wall to prevent it from shedding away as it often does during menstruation. You are required to begin taking the tablets at least three days before your anticipated period and keep taking them for the time you want to remain undisturbed. You should not take more than 5mg per day and the maximum number of days within which you can safely use period delay medication is 17 days. Take the tablets thrice a day at the same times every day.

How to become a dental nurse?

How to become a dental nurse?

There are many good reasons to choose a career as a dental nurse. Not only is this profession an interesting way to earn a living, but it is also a rewarding way to help individuals and families learn how to stay healthy and happy.

Duties and Responsibilities

Also known as dental hygienists in the U.S., the duties of dental nurses can vary. It oftentimes depends on the particular needs of the dentist, dental office or hospital. Keeping that in mind, two important responsibilities dental nurses often provide are offering patients teeth cleaning services and providng them with preventive care strategies. In addition, since some people find a trip to the dentist’s office a bit stressful, patient management skills are critical. If that is the case, dental nurses can help make sure patients feel calm, comfortable and secure. Other duties might include taking x-rays, applying sealants, and administering anesthesia. If a patient needs stitches or sutures removed, a dental nurse will possess the skills to do that as well. Dental nurses support dentists in all phases of dentistry practices, which could mean anything from cleaning and readying instruments to mixing filling materials. Sometimes dental nurses even help run the office by making appointments, filling out paperwork and accepting payments.

Training and Education

Academic training is usually not required to work as a trainee dental nurse. However, if you want to become a certified dental nurse and advance in this career, you will need to take formal, accredited classes and graduate from an approved dental nursing program. These programs are operated by various dental hospitals, colleges other training groups. You must also be registered with the General Dental Council, an organization which regulates dentists and dental care professionals.

Career Prospects and Opportunities

Dental nurses can find employment opportunities in places such as general practices, hospitals, community programs and the armed forces. After gaining additional experience, training and education, many dental nurses go on to find satisfying careers as orthodontic therapists, dental therapists or dental health practitioners. Many dental nurses find that joining professional organizations, such as the British Association of Dental Nurses, can help them explore and advance their careers since they can provide advanced educational services, conferences, career centers, and networking opportunities.

Thank you for for providing this information

Inman Aligner

Inman Aligner Orthodontic Braces

It seems that nearly everyone is in pursuit of the elusive perfect smile.  For some people, that means whitening and bonding.  For others, a perfect smile comes in the form of straightening misaligned teeth.  Straightening often precedes the process of cosmetic treatment, with many users utilizing the Inman Aligner for a rapid tooth alignment prior to bonding or veneers.  Whether to feel more confident when you smile, or to simply correct some misalignment, there’s a strong chance that Inman Aligner can help you reach your goal.

Increasingly, people are turning to the Inman Aligner to provide a simple and fast means of straightening misaligned front teeth on both the bottom and top jaws.  The Inman Aligner is a removable, minimally-invasive invisible brace, fitted by a dentist, which corrects crooked teeth rapidly.

inman aligner



The treatment process

A certified dentist will determine if you are an ideal candidate for the Aligner.  If you are a candidate, the dentist will take impressions that will be used to customize an Aligner to fit your mouth.  Once your custom Aligner is built, the dentist will oversee a custom fitting and make adjustments to ensure it fits properly.  The patient then commits to wearing the Aligner 16-20 hours daily.  The Aligner should be removed prior to eating.  After eating, your teeth and Aligner should be cleaned before replacing the Aligner.

What kind of teeth are candidates?

The Inman Aligner is designed to correct crowding, rotations, crossbites, or protrusion of front teeth.  Because it only treats front teeth, consultation will be needed to determine if your teeth are treatable using only the Aligner.  The consulting dentist will evaluate your teeth and determine if it is the most viable option.  The ideal candidate will understand that the Aligner needs to be worn 16-20 hours a day.  The longer you wear the Aligner, the faster your results.  As with other types of orthodonture, the candidate must recognize that maintenance is required after treatment in order to prevent relapse.  Thus, they must be prepared to commit to retention in the form of a retainer.  A fixed retainer can be bonded to the backs of the teeth, whereas a removable retainer is worn every night.  Often, people turn to the Aligner after relapse from a previous orthodontic treatment.

Will such fast change stress my jaw and gums?

The Inman Aligner completes its alignment treatment in a relatively quick turnaround time.  Most treatments are complete within 6-18 weeks.    The Aligner’s effect comes from the light pressure it exerts upon the chosen teeth.  Because the pressure is so low, the teeth do not exert much resistance against the Aligner.  The mode of action is a mechanism known as a nickel titanium “lingual coil spring”, which creates pressure against the teeth that require movement.  A second mechanism, a “labial bar” opposes the force of the spring to ensure that the lingual coil spring pressure is not excessive.  Together, the spring and labial bar combine to generate a gripping force, repositioning the appropriate teeth.    The actual tooth movement will only proceed within the natural ability of each tooth.  If an extremely high level of repositioning is required of your teeth, your dentist will probably recommend an alternate treatment.

Pros & Cons

The Aligner is a great tool if you are an appropriate candidate, as discussed previously.  It provides rapid results, is cost effective and removable, and only one Aligner is required.  They are less visible than traditional braces, and don’t necessitate as many trips to the dentist.  The Aligner is not without its limitations, however.  It can only straighten the front teeth, so misaligned teeth further back may require alternative braces.  The Aligner is slightly bulky, though most people adapt to this quickly, and are not affected by a lisp when speaking.  Lastly, the Aligner requires discipline, as it requires the wearer to keep it in for up to 20 hours a day for successful results.

Alternative treatments

Traditional braces can achieve the same results, though they can take two (or more years).  For many people, however, such “train track” braces are out of the question, both financially and aesthetically.  There are few other options, however, if your misaligned teeth happen to fall outside the domain of teeth that an Aligner can address.  However, there are several different types of braces from which to choose.  Stainless steel braces are the most inexpensive braces, though these are obviously the most visible.  Ceramic braces cost more than their metal counterpart, though they are designed to blend in with the teeth, and can break or chip more easily.  Lingual braces are the most expensive, though they are designed to bond and conceal themselves on the tooth backside, remaining unseen.  Their higher cost is due to the more complicated installation process. (source:

Invisible Braces – The Facts

Incognito Braces – FAQs – Frequently Asked Questions

Is wearing Incognito braces painful?

It may take you a while to get used to the feel of the brace. This is normal regardless of the type of brace that has been fitted. As the brace is fitted to the lingual sides of the teeth, the tongue may feel a little strange to begin with. You may find that your speech is slightly affected after the brace is fitted. This is normal, as lingual braces take some time to adjust to. However, in almost all cases people find that they are happy with the braces and feel back to normal after a fortnight or so.

Unlike other types of lingual braces, Incognito braces are made of very fine wires and brackets. Incognito braces prevent the pain caused by friction between the tongue and the brace. This is due to the fact that they are much thinner and lighter than other types of brace.

Are Incognito braces suitable for everyone?

These braces are suitable for patients of all ages, including teenagers who do not have a full set of adult teeth. The braces are bespoke, custom-made and so they are made to fit each individual’s teeth. Incognito braces are suitable for patients with a variety of orthodontic problems including complex malocclusions.

How long does treatment take?

As with most procedures, the length of time the treatment takes depends on the nature of the individual case. People who have more major malocclusions will consequently need a much longer treatment period. As a rough guide, less complicated cases will take around 15 months, while more complex cases may take up to 28 months. This should all be discussed during your initial consultation with your dentist/orthodontist.

Will the braces affect my speech?

To begin with the braces may affect your speech slighty. However, once you get used to wearing the braces you will find that your speech will return to normal fairly quickly. Due to the flat design of Incognito braces your speech should return to normal much quicker than it would with any other type of lingual brace.

Can I eat what I want?

As with all types of brace, it is important that you keep an eye on what you eat when you have Incognito braces fitted. ‘Chewy’ foods can get stuck in the brackets and this can contribute to oral health issues, including tooth decay and gum disease. Hard foods may also damage the fine wires of the brace and so are not recommended. Again, your dentist/orthodontist should discuss this with you and give you advice as to which foods to avoid before you have the braces fitted.

Oral hygiene

As with all braces, it is important to keep your Incognito braces clean. You should try and clean your braces and brush your teeth around four times a day. This will reduce the risk of you developing oral health problems as it will remove traces of harmful bacteria and food deposits.

How much does treatment cost?

As with any other procedure, the cost of the treatment will vary according to each individual case. The cost of the treatment depends on the complexity of your case and on whether you need one or two braces fitted. As a general guide, you can expect to pay around £3000 for treatment. The fee that you pay will also depend on which dentist you choose. Dentists with a great deal of experience and expertise will charge a premium rate.

Dental Retainer Tips

Tips for Wearing Your Retainer

Generally speaking, if you’ve been assigned a retainer, that means you’re in the home stretch in terms of straightening your teeth once and for all. Your days of dealing with braces are behind you, which can make it that much easier to get lazy when it comes to the retainer portion of your journey. Don’t let your dedication suffer now, though. Instead, put the following tips to good use and you’ll get the straight teeth you deserve. They’ve been very kindly provided by the team at , a top cosmetic dental practice in Glasgow.

Wear It as Prescribed

Whatever your orthodontist tells you in terms of wearing your braces, do it. Now is not the time to start playing fast and loose with the rules. If it becomes extremely painful to wear or you have other problems, definitely let them know. Otherwise, take their instructions to heart.

Remove It When You Eat

This should be easy enough to remember because trying to eat with your retainer in should be just about intolerable. That being said, it’s just as important that you put it in its container when you’re not using it. Too many people lose their retainer because they forget to put it in the container it belongs in.

Brush Your Retainer Daily

Anytime you brush your teeth, you should be brushing your retainer as well. At the very least, you want to make sure you give it a good cleaning at least one a day (though you should still brush two or three times). Fortunately, all it takes is some toothpaste and warm water to get the job done and you can use your brush for scrubbing.

If you neglect to do this, a couple of regrettable things will happen. First, you’ll have awful breath. Even with all the brushing of your teeth you’re doing, all the bacteria left on your retainer will ensure your breath smells positively awful. However, that’s not all that bacteria is going to do. When you reinsert your retainer, that bacteria will enjoy feasting on your teeth all over again.

Practice Speaking with It In

At first, your retainer may make it difficult to talk. You may also have some trouble with reading, singing and any other common chores you use your mouth for. However, stay dedicated to practicing these basic tasks and you’ll quickly find they stop being a problem.

People who take their retainers out for these things find the opposite is true. Worse still, they may eventually get in the habit of taking it out altogether and hurting their straight teeth in the process.

Examine It Once a Day

Whether you want to do it at night before you go to bed or first thing when you wake up, you need to examine your retainer on a daily basis. This way you can be sure to replace it if something’s wrong. The only way a retainer can properly do its job is if it has all its pieces in place, so carefully look it over every single day.

Keep It from Extreme Heat

Your retainer shouldn’t be in your mouth if you’re drinking hot cocoa, tea or coffee. You also don’t want to keep it in your pocket or on the dashboard of your car. All that heat isn’t good for the materials the retainer is made out of and is bound to compromise it eventually. If the plastic were to bend even a little bit, you may not notice, but your teeth will.

While wearing a retainer may not be fun, it’s essential to getting that perfect smile you’ve already worked so hard for. Keep the above advice in mind and you’ll have an easier time completing this final stage of the process.


Choosing a Courier – Questions to Ask

I do a lot of travelling, both in the UK and abroad, and one of the banes of my life is trying to move stuff I need around with me. Over the years, I’ve found reliable couriers in most countries I’ve visited, and believe me, when you really need your paperwork fast, these guys can be lifesavers.

If you’re looking for a reliable courier company in the UK, look no further than Monarch Transport, who operate a series of courier services throughout the UK, delivering same day, next day, immediate pick up and storage, and catering for all types of freight and documents from individual letters to full pallet loads.

Based in Glasgow, Monarch are are highly respected freight road haulage business and their bright orange livery is often to be seen up and down the motorways of Britain. Monarch courier services were added into the mix of services available at the behest of many customers who required specialised guaranteed delivery services for a range of their own businesses.

When you’re choosing a courier company, make sure that the offer clear guidelines with respect to the following :

Courier rates – you need clear pricing
availability – are they available 24-hours per day ?
Do they deliver dangerous and hazardous consignments ?
Are they properly insured?
Do they provide a packing service ?
Do they provide guaranteed delivery?
Do they provide tracking for customers?
Are the clear as to any limitations on number of parcels, size of parcels or weight of consignment ?
Can they pick up immediately ?
Are the fully licensed and do they operate from secure premises
Do they provide storage ?
Daily provide same day and next day deliveries to international destinations?
What is the proof of delivery policy ?

This last point is particularly important as it will include information around how many times they will try to deliver a parcel or consignment, what the returns policy would be in a situation where they cannot deliver, and also their procedures for dealing with anything damaged in transit.

A courier service is simply the best way for you to get your important documents or goods into the hands of your customer in the fastest time possible. For safety and security and a full guarantee of successful delivery, courier services such as Monarch transport offer you peace of mind and fast efficient guaranteed service.

monarch couriers glasgow

Orthodontic Braces Information

Common Issues with Orthodontic Braces

Orthodontic braces are one of the most popular methods for correcting issues with unruly teeth and delivering a better overall smile in the end. However, while people have been wearing them for decades now, that doesn’t mean you won’t experience a few issues when you get yours. Most of these are perfectly normal, but it still pays to be prepared for them by understanding the issue and knowing how to react. Thanks to Dr Ben White at White Dental Practice Southampton for his input.

Initial Discomfort

As soon as you get your braces added, you’ll probably have a hard time leaving them alone. You’ll want to touch them with your fingers, run your tongue over them and take countless trips to the mirror in order to get a closer look. This is all completely natural, of course, and nothing to worry about.

However, many people eventually feel some initial discomfort at first too. It might be right away, but something you thought would eventually wear off. For a lot of people, though, this initial discomfort will last several days. For other people, the discomfort won’t begin until days after the braces are installed. All of a sudden, your teeth may feel sore or just overall uncomfortable.

Again, this is to be expected and as long as the pain isn’t unbearable, you shouldn’t need to contact your orthodontist. Instead, try mixing a tsp of salt with about eight ounces of warm water. Gargle this solution around in your mouth for a few minutes or so, but don’t swallow it. This should help to dull the pain.

Aside from your teeth, your gums, cheeks, jaws and gums may take issue with their new neighbors too. Unfortunately, this is just something that will take time for them to toughen up against. Otherwise, your orthodontist may have wax that will help with this problem.

Loose Teeth

While it may seem scary or even counterintuitive that your braces would cause loose teeth, understand that’s actually exactly what they’re designed to do. Braces work by applying enough pressure to override the gums in your mouth that otherwise hold each tooth firmly in place.

Again, this is really nothing to worry about. Your braces won’t loosen them to the point that they go missing. Once your teeth are repositioned correctly, you won’t feel them as being loose anymore.

Loose Wires or Bands

Everyone with braces has a mouth full of wires helping to move teeth around as desired. However, many people will have rubber bands in their mouths too, which are used to help bring the jaw into alignment. Unlike your teeth, though, there is no wiggle room for these. They should always stay exactly where your orthodontist had them when you left their office.

If you feel bands or braces coming loose or that they already have, call your orthodontist ASAP. The same goes for your actual braces. It’s important you see your orthodontist before this becomes an issue.

Although we mentioned that loose teeth are normal, your braces should never feel that way. If any piece does fall off, save it so your orthodontist can simply put it back into place.

Some people, when finding a wire has gotten loose, have used the back of a spoon or a pen to push it back into place. This will solve the problem temporarily, but you still need a dental professional to handle the loose piece themselves.

Based on its very function, wearing braces is going to require an adjustment. Unfortunately, this virtually guarantees that you’ll have to put up with some discomfort at the very beginning and perhaps from time to time going forward. Keep the above in mind, though, and you’ll know which problems are nothing to worry about and which should catch your attention.

There’s a good Youtube video below all about orthodontics – and you can also find out a lot more information at The British Orthodontists Society

Invisalign Information & Going Abroad

Getting Invisalign Braces: How It Works

Invisalign braces, at the most basic level, work much like regular metal braces, in that they fit over the teeth and correct the teeth’s alignment over time. However, Invisalign braces are very different from standard braces in that they use a series of aligners, made of see through clear plastic, that are custom-made for each patient. These aligners then gradually shift the teeth into proper alignment over time. The aligners are then modified over time as well, to continue the process in a method that is precisely designed by your dentist, and customized for your needs. Whether or not you choose to have Invisalign treatment abroad comes down to whether or not you’re worried about follow up treatment should anything go wrong and also whether or not the foreign orthodontist offers a guarantee with the treatment. You pays your money and takes your choice, although the money can be significantly less abroad!

What is Invisalign?

Invisalign braces are a great alternative to traditional braces, and they let you achieve a good looking smile without the discomfort and self-consciousness that often comes with metal braces. Created by Align Technology, located in San Jose California, Invisalign braces were first approved by the FDA in 1998.

Invisalign braces are a series of clear plastic retainers, called ‘aligners’, that fit over your teeth and gradually align them using a series of aligners that are created to move the teeth gradually into place. Invisalign braces are designed to be more comfortable, convenient, and efficient that traditional metal braces, with less maintenance and hassle that their traditional counterparts.

Today, Invisalign braces are available from most dentists and orthodontists in North America, and has achieved general acceptance in the dental workplace, with over two millions patients having received the Invisalign treatment.

Advantages to Invisalign

  1. Low visibility – Invisalign braces are made of clear plastic, so they’re not so obvious, and they don’t call as much attention to themselves.
  2. Comfort – Invisalign braces are typically significantly more comfortable than traditional braces, because they’re made from smooth, softer plastic, as opposed to metal braces.
  3. Convenience – The aligners are designed to be removable, so that you can take them out temporarily to brush and floss your teeth. You can also eat whatever kind of food that you like, as the aligners are not damaged by a kind of food.
  4. Less maintenance – Invisalign braces don’t require as much adjustment by your dentist, with office visits typically taking place only every 4 – 6 weeks.

The Invisalign Process

Invisalign braces are fitted and modified over time using a more or less standardized approach, which allows the braces to be fitted and then modified and replaced over time. Basically, the way the process works is:

  1. Meeting with Dentist – Once you select a dentist that performs Invisalign procedures, you’ll meet with that dentist to discuss the process and timelines. If your existing dentist doesn’t provide Invisalign braces, you might need to look for one that does. In that case, ask your dentist if there is another provide who does this kind of procedure, and if they have any recommendations. And if you don’t have a regular dentist, make sure you visit with a few different doctors, to find one that you’re most comfortable with. Remember, this process will take a while, and will involve multiple visits, so make sure you’re comfortable with your chosen dentist, because you’ll be working with them for a while.

Your chosen dentist will then need to sit down with you for a consultation, to see if you’re a good candidate for Invisalign. In most cases, Invisalign will work for most patients. However, there are some cases where Invisalign isn’t the best option.

Another thing to check on is to make sure that your insurance will cover both Invisalign braces and the dentist with whom you’ll be working. Most insurance providers will cover Invisalign, but you should call your carrier to make sure. Likewise, make sure that the dentist you’ve chosen is covered or in-network by your dental health insurance provider.

  1. 3-D Modeling – Once you’ve chosen your dentist, and you’re ‘cleared’ for Invisalign braces, your dentist will need to create a detailed picture of your teeth, to get the right fit for the braces. This involves everything from x-ray’s to impressions of your teeth, which are then used by Invisalign to create a complete 3-D model of your mouth and teeth, and give your dentist a clear idea of what needs to happen, and what the braces need to look like. Your dentist will then be able to estimate how long the procedure will take, and how much your teeth are going to need to move, to bring them into alignment.
  2. Aligner Fitting – Once all of the imaging and design has been complete, a custom-made set of aligners is created, that will fit your mouth specifically, to get your teeth into alignment. As mentioned above, these aligners are clear plastic, and are made to be comfortable, and fit smoothly over your teeth. You then wear them through the day, taking them out only to brush your teeth and floss. Over time, the aligners will adjust your teeth to the proper alignment, slowly moving them into place.
  3. Ongoing Adjustments – Every two weeks or so, you’ll put in a new set of aligners, as your teeth shift into alignment. Each of these aligners are slightly different from the previous pair, as they continually re-align your teeth to the proper placement. You’ll also need to keep working with your dentist, meeting with her every month and a half or so, to make sure that the aligners are working properly and your teeth are progressing. During this time, you’ll need to keep the aligners in place pretty much all the time, at least 20 to 22 hours per day.
  4. Completion – And that’s it! After a length of time comparable to standard braces, you’ll remove your aligners, and your smile should be significantly different that it was, because your teeth are now in alignment. Congratulations!

You should talk to your dentist about whether or not Invisalign braces are right for you. But, if they’re right for you, they can be great way to get your teeth in shape and give you a great smile for life.